By Anastacia Sampson
This War was fought from 1658 to 1660. It was an offshoot of a previous conflict as Denmark had delayed in keeping to some of the agreements as set out when peace was declared. The idea behind this war all began when the Swedish king Charles X Gustav wanted to gain the Province of Prussia (located in Poland) to be under Swedish control. Yet Sweden did not have enough power in the region to carry out this plan or sufficient international support. The Poles were also keen to attack Sweden.
Instead Sweden declared war on Denmark and since Denmark had procrastinated in fulfilling the provisions of their peace agreement, the Swedes stated that as their just cause. The Swedish king may have thought Denmark an easier target at the time, as it was during their recent conflict that Sweden had been victorious.
The intention was to destroy Denmark as a sovereign power and to tear down the main city of Copenhagen. Doing this would then enable Sweden to have free reign to declare war on Europe, without being interfered with by the Danes.