Sweden History - Early 20th Century to Present Day2015
By Anastacia Sampson
During the year of 1917, the Social Democrats moved into the government. However it was five years earlier that Sweden declared itself as neutral, which meant it did not take sides in World War I. All men were granted the right to vote from 1909;however it was not until in 1921 when a Social Democratic Liberal Coalition party become the government that reforms were made. One reform was that all women could vote from 1921 as anyone over age 23 had the right to vote.
The Social Democrats created one of the most successful social democratic systems in the world, and formed a stable welfar
e system and wide civil liberty protection. These foundations have contributed significantly to what Sweden is and this had roots in moderate and reformed political courses with broad based public support.
From being the home of the Vikings, Sweden has transformed into one of the most peaceful countries.
Sweden opted to be declared as neutral during the two World Wars. It was during World War II that Sweden’s four democratic political parties formed a united government.
In 1946 Sweden joined the United Nations. Economists believe that the slow moving economy in the 1970s was a result of the high tax on the public sector and this may have caused the population to become upset, especially as Western Europe’s economy was climbing higher. Then in 1976, the Social Democrats lost their majority but they gained it again in 1982.
In 1979, an amendment was made to the Order of Succession, which ensured that not only male royalty, but also female royalty could be heirs to the throne.
In the month of February in 1986, there was a murder that shocked the country;it was of the Social Democratic leader and Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme when he was shot as he was walking back home after the cinema.
In late 1992, the world recession was in force and this time also affected Sweden harshly - .the currency fell by 20%, unemployment increased to 14%, then interest rates broke the world record by accelerating to 500%. Numerous banks and companies went bankrupt.To compensate the government increased taxes, reduced welfare expenditure and tightened the immigration laws.
In 1995 Sweden became a member of the European Union. Since its membership, Sweden has improved its economy, and unemployment has fallen. It is a sought after country in this present time as the economy is stable, employment high and relatively safe habitat where human rights are upheld.
The following is a summary of the eras that have been recorded in the history of Sweden:
Prehistory (12000 BCE–800 CE)
Viking Age (800–1050)
Middle Ages (1050–1397)
Kalmar Union (1397–1521)
Early Vasa era (1521–1611)
Emerging Great Power (1611–1648)
Swedish Empire (1648-1718)
Age of Liberty (1718–1772)
Gustavian era (1772–1809)
New constitution &union (1809–1866)
Early 20th century (1905-1914)
World War I (1914–1918)
Interwar period (1918-1939)
World War II (1939-1945)
Postwar period (1945–1967)
Second half of Cold War (1967–1991)
Post-Cold War (1991–present)