Image of Harbor of Malmo

Harbor of Malmo.

Sweden - Malmo

Malmö is the third largest city in Sweden, according to population numbers. It is situated in the south western part of the country. Malmö is a port city and capital of Skåne (Scania) County. This most cosmopolitan city in Sweden was founded in 1272, and currently about 1/3 of its population are from other countries.

According to statistics, the population decreased from 1985 compared to 1971.


Nearly half of the population is under the age of 35 and some statistics show that about 41% of the population has a foreign background. The city has struggled with its economy in the past, but it is doing fairly well now and many large businesses have moved to this city.

The city was once known as Malmhaug, meaning ‘gravel pile’ or ‘ore hill’. After the Treaty of Roskilde was signed in 1658, the city of Malmö came under Swedish rule and territory. Prior to that Malmö was the second largest city in Denmark for centuries.
From 1870, Malmö began its lead as Sweden’s third most populated city. This city was also appointed as the first Fair trade City of Sweden.

Traditionally the economy was based on ship building and construction related industries. At one time it had claim to fame as being the site of the Kockums shipyard (which began in 1840),which was one of the largest shipyards in the world. Some of the current largest companies in the city are Skanska (does heavy construction), ISS Facility Service AB (services such as hospital and cleaning), E.ON Sverige (electricity), Sydsvenskan (newspaper) and Pågen (bakery).

Malmö University College is Sweden’s eighth largest higher education institution, with about 24 000 students, which began in 1998.

Malmöfestivalen is a festival that is held in the third week of August each year. During the festival the streets are filled with various cuisines and events. BUFF is an International Children and Young People's Film Festival which is hosted in Malmö every year in March.

Sydsvenska Dagbladet is a daily newspaper, which began in 1870;it is the top circulating newspaper and one of the main employers in the city of Malmö.

Anti-Semitism has been increasing in Sweden since the Gaza war in 2009, and Jews have been known to have left Malmö within the last few years.

Seven train stations are located within the city and a train from Copenhagen can take just 25 minutes to get there.

The Öresund / Øresund Bridge crosses from Malmö to Copenhagen in Denmark, across the Øresund strait. The bridge is a double railway and dual carriageway bridge-tunnel. This bridge extends across nearly 8km to an artificial island on the strait and then extends 4km as a tunnel to a Danish island and the last section extends to Copenhagen. This bridge is the longest road and rail bridge in Europe.
This city has about 410km of designated bicycle paths and it also has a high statistic of bicycle riders with an estimated 40% of all travelling within the city been done by bicycle.

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