Sweden - Old Political Parties – Hats and Caps2015
By Anastacia Sampson
During the Age of Liberty in Sweden there were two political parties that dominated governance of the country, namely the Caps and Hats from 1719 to 1772. In 1772 King Gustav III overthrew the government to reinstate absolute monarchy. This led to much upheaval in politics in the following decades and through this all the Hats and Caps dissolved as political powers. These were two opposing parties. The Caps made the important political choice of siding with Russia, and in this way removed the major influence that France had in their rule.
The Caps got their name from the Hats, as the Hats named the opposition Night-cap which was shortened to Caps. This name given to them reflected that the Caps party was soft and a sort of shy party. The Caps governed the country from 1719 to 1738, led by Arvid Horn. Arvid favoured a policy that was designed to have a more amicable relationship with Russia and to be more distant to France.