Gripsholm Castle

Gripsholm Castle.

Sweden - Palaces and Castles used as museums

A number of impressive majestic buildings in Sweden have been transformed into museums. The following is a list of some noteworthy palaces and castles turned into museums

.•Svartsjö Palace is located in Mälaren Lake on an island called Färingsö. At the site of this palace during medieval times the royalty lived there in a stone house. Then a renaissance palace with a round inner courtyard was constructed by 1580.

In 1687 this structure was destroyed in a fire. There was however left over material from the ruins, which was carted to Stockholm to assist in the building material of the Tre Kronor Castle. During the 1730s a hunting palace was built and soon had a rococo style which would inspire Swedish country mansion architecture in the latter half of the 18th century.

At one time the palace served as the site of a prison from 1891 to 1966, originally due to large areas of mineable granite in the area. The state has restored the palace during 1994 to 2003 at a large cost. The prison warden house still remains and the windows have been painted in an oak colour. This castle, about 30 minutes car drive from Stockholm, is presently sited as a museum.

Malmö Castle

Malmö Castle.

• Gripsholm Castle is an admired building structure, about 60km west of Stockholm next to Lake Mälaren. In the year of 1380 a fortress was built at the site of this castle. In 1526, King Gustav I confiscated all mansions and castles, subsequently the building came under the new king’s property. The building was destroyed to make way for construction of a fortified castle.

Up until 1713, this castle was the residence of the royal family. Several royal members have been imprisoned in Gripsholm Castle before 1713. Then from that year to 1773, the castle was utilized as an official prison. From 1889 to 1894, a great deal of renovation was done to this building, including the addition of a third floor. Presently Gripsholm Castle is a museum (open to the public) housing works of art. Part of the castle is home to one of the oldest portrait collections in the world, the National Portrait Gallery. To this day this impressive castle is considered as one of the country’s finest historical monuments and classed as a museum.

•Malmö Castle is situated in the city of Malmö on the east coast, in southern Sweden. In 1434 the first castle at this site was recorded. Then this castle was broken down to make way for a new castle to be constructed in the 1530s. It is actually considered to be a fortress and was a major stronghold for the Danish. The history of this building includes it being utilised to imprison people.
•Läckö Castle is situated along the shores of Sweden’s largest lake, Lake Vänern. In 1298, a bishop began building a fortress, which consisted of three or two houses surrounded by a wall. There was a fire in the 1470s which lead to an expansion of the fort. The outer walls of this castle are white and from the time of King Gustav Vasa it has been extended. It currently has several floors with a baroque style. This national monument is maintained to preserve its structure and furnishings.

Tullgarn Palace is located south of Stockholm and built in the 1720s. The interior design is considered to be amongst the finest by Sweden. Various rooms are maintained in eras and with varying personal styles. The site of what would be Tullgarn Palace, had an old Renaissance castle from the late 16th century, which was destroyed in 1719. The palace has a clear sea view with its courtyard open to the sea. The crown bought the castle in 1772 to enable Duke Fredrik Adolf (youngest brother of King Gustav III) to live in. The interiors reflect some of the best examples of Gustavain style. The palace has a flat roof and several floors. The Duke lived in this palace with his lover Sophie Hagman, from 1778 to 1793. When King Gustav V took over the palace in 1881, with his lover Victoria;major alterations were done. The entrance hall is covered in hand painted Dutch tiles, dating back to the time when Gustav V and Victoria resided in the palace. As that royal couple used the home as a summer home, its decoration reflects its summer home style. Generally the Tullgarn Palace style is a blend of Gustavain, rococo and Victorian.

Solliden Palace is situated on Öland Island (southern Sweden). This is the summer residence for the Swedish royal family.

Roserberg Palace is situated on the banks of LakeMälaren, outside Stockholm. The Oxenstierna family had the palace built in the 1630s. The original construction was in a Renaissance style, and took about five years. It was then modernised in the rococo style. Then in 1747, Baron Erland Carlsson Broman bought the palace and had it modernised again. When the baron died, the state acquired it and gave it to Duke Karl. The first of the Bernadotte line were the last royals to use this palace as a residence. The rooms are maintained as they were from 1795 to 1825. When Queen Desideria (wife of King Karl XIV Johan) died in 1860, the palace was taken over by Swedish soldiers and utilized as a site for musketry practise. From the 1960s;the Civil Defence Force has used parts of the grounds and palace and the Swedish Rescue Services Agency also uses part of the palace. There is an English garden, pond and avenues in the park, on the palace grounds. Most of the French baroque garden (also on the grounds) has been left unattended and is overgrown.

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