An archipelago is a group of islands, situated together in a cluster. From about 80 km eastwards from the shores of Stockholm, is the end of the Stockholm archipelago. The many islands that form this archipelago are counted as being tens of thousands. The formation and shape of the landscape that makes up the islands, is influenced by the post-glacial rebound (when land is rising from previously having been depressed by large ice sheets during the last glacial period). The islands are measured as rising about 3 millimetres annually.
Each island varies in size and shape. The inner islands tend to be larger and have become city suburbs, linked to the mainland via bridges and ferries.
•Vaxholm is one such bigger island. There is a magnificent fortress or castle, which can be seen as one approaches this island. It is used to guard the port of Vaxholm. The fortress is called the Vaxholm Fortress or Castle and is actually situated on a nearby smaller islet known as Vaxholmen. Despite iVaxholm’s small population, it has and is referred to as a city for historical purposes. It takes about an hour by boat to reach this island, departing from Stockholm.
•Dalarö is an island that is also part of the Stockholm Metropolitan. It gains in popularity as summer holiday destination.
A common site is to see traditional steam boats on the waterways near Stockholm. Visitors can have a journey on such a boat in the archipelago and on Sweden’s biggest lake. The boats are known to give peaceful journeys. Other modern vessels with oil fuelled engines are also available to transport commuters and travellers.
There is a well-developed ferry network that interconnects many of the islands. Sometimes though, as in winter, ice conditions may prevent scheduled ferry trips.
There is a law in Sweden, named Allemansrätt (which means ‘everyman’s right’) and it entitles anyone to have the right to anchor or come ashore on land. Provided that is not done too near the site of buildings. In previous centuries, the archipelago was home to many fishermen and farmers, until about the 1950s. Present day habitation is focused on holiday makers.