Image of a Spruce forest in Sweden
Spruce forest in Sweden.

Sweden - Forests

Over half of the land in Sweden is covered by forests. Of all the countries in Europe, Sweden has the second largest area of land converted to forests (after the country of Russia). The most common trees are generally the pine and spruce in the forests of Sweden. Pine tends to be the dominant tree in the north, while the spruce tends to be more common in the south and particularly sharing land with the birch tree. Tree types that are of the broadleaf tree species include the oak, birch, aspen and beech. All those broadleaf trees are found in Sweden.

About half of the forests in Sweden are privately owned by families. The other half is divided between privately owned forestry companies and the state with other public owners. The forest industry in Sweden is of high importance. It has a significant impact on the employment sector and national economical income from exports of wood related products. Sweden is a leader in the industry of wood processing.

The supply of timber, wood pulp, newspaper sheets, paper, writing paper and cardboard is of a high quantity from Swedish forest trees. Over 80% of the biofuels utilized in Sweden is from the forestry industry. There is an expected demand for increased forest related source of fuels in the future. The management of the forests is done with great care. There are organisations that forest owners join.

•LRF Skogsägarna – is the forests’ owners national policy organisation
•Norra Skog – is a regional forest organisation
•Norrskog – is a regional forest organisation
•Mellanskog – is a regional forest organisation
•Södra – is a regional forest organisation

These regional organisations support management of forestry and protect family forestry in a smaller way.

The Swedish Forest Agency is a national organisation that is responsible for all forest related matters. The legislation in Sweden is focused on environmental conservation equally as much as it is on timber production. The ultimate intention is on long term sustainable forestry.

Biodiversity is incorporated into forestry in Sweden, and acts as a safeguard. When there is a major change or disaster such as in the weather, having different species gives a greater chance that some plants and animals will adapt and still survive.

The UN declared that March 21 is International Forest Day, and the day is acknowledged by Sweden.

Among the forests in Sweden, there is the forest known as Tylöskog. It is situated south east of the country and considered to be a thick and far reaching forest. To the west of this forest, is Tiveden – another forest. Tiveden is not considered to have much animal life yet the bird known as the Wood Gouse, Heather Cock or Capercaillie is commonly found thriving in this forest. Kolmården is a forest to the east of Tylöskog. Ed Forest is situated along the border between Norway and Sweden, and it acts as a separation between the countries.

Some recognised native trees in Sweden: Birch, Alder, Maple, Hawthorn, Oak, Ash, Elder, Hazel, Fly Honeysuckle, Linden (Lime), Spindle, Yew, Alder buckthorn, Blackthorn, Aspen, European rowan, Swedish whitebeam, Juniper, Holly, Ivy, Beech, Dogwood, Pine, Spruce, Goat willow, Elm, Larch, Bird Cherry and Wild Cherry Honeysuckle.