By Anastacia Sampson
Sweden - The Three Crowns
The Three Crowns (in Swedish known as the Tre Kronor) is a national emblem of Sweden. It is in the Coat of Arms of the Realm of Sweden, specifically the small coat of arms. The emblem is composed of three yellow or gilded coronets arranged with two above and one below on a blue background. This emblem has been utilised by Sweden since at least 1336. As there are three crowns this has led to speculation about the symbolism:
•The crowns are representation of the three crowned gods of Uppsala;the city of Uppsala has been the seat of a holy place even before the times of Christianity.
•The crowns represent the three areas of Uppland (the area around Uppsala);these areas had the right to take part in the election of the king.
•The three crowns are representations of the Three Wise Men (or Holy Kings).
•The crowns are just a representation of the king's power, and the number three is without significance.
•Magnus Eriksson was once king of Sweden. Magnus inherited the crown of Norway from his grandfather Haakon V of Norway, and then gained the Swedish crown as his father was the brother of the king of Sweden. In the 1330s king Magnus bought Scania from Denmark, and consequently used the title King of Sweden, Norway and Scania. The three crowns may represent King Magnus' three kingdoms.