Swedish Fundamental Laws2015
By Anastacia Sampson
The constitution (set of rules to govern a country) of Sweden revolves around four main laws. The 1974 Riksdag Act is another essential law.
The following is a brief about the laws.
•The 1810 Act of Succession
This law ensures that members of the House of Bernadotte have the right to succeed to the throne. From 1544, the monarchy altered from an elective to hereditary monarchy. In the year of 1980 the law was amended to allow any oldest child of the monarchy to become the next monarch leader. Before 1980, it was based on the assumption that the next monarch would be the oldest male among the children of the King in the House of Bernadotte.
•The 1949 Freedom of the Press Act
This law prevents censorship and permits public access to official documentation. This permits the public to know what work the Riksdag, government and public agencies are performing. There is freedom to communicate information in Sweden. The law protects anyone who deems it worthwhile to reveal information to the public. Any publisher of information has the right to not reveal the source of any given piece or pieces of information.
This law is designed to inhibit corruption of the leaders of the country and to protect the rights of citizens to fair governance. However the Publicity and Secrecy Act does protect government agencies from having to reveal documentation under certain circumstances. Sometimes there is state or private information that may bring harm or threaten security, and is best kept secret for the common good of all. Secrecy is valid for an extended period of 70 years and in the case of individuals it will be 70 years after the relevant person’s death.
•The 1974 Instrument of Government
This is about the rules and obligations of the government, prime minister and cabinet ministers. This is the most important law. In the year of 1719, the first constitutional Instrument of Government was implemented, as parliamentary ways took over from autocracy. From 1809, after some revolutions, the new Instrument of Government separated the King and Riksdag and stipulated that there would be joint powers over legislation. Since that time there has been a significant loss of power in the monarchy. Since 1974, the present Government of Sweden has been enforced.
•The 1991 Fundamental Law of Freedom of Expression
Is a longer document than the one for the Freedom of Press Act. It covers freedom of communication and expression from all media (except books and magazines) via radio, television, internet and via other means of communication.
•The 1974 Riksdag Act
This law ensures that in order to change one of the basic laws, it is required that there be two approvals by the Riksdag over two successive terms. There must be a general election conducted in between. This law ensures that much consideration and thought is given before any changes are enforced and implemented.
The four basic or fundamental laws of Sweden are seen as pillars and the Riksdag is highly regarded.
For more information, please view: http://www.riksdagen.se