By Anastacia Sampson
Swedish invention of tiled stoves
Europe endured a notably cold period from 1500 to 1800, which has come to be known as ‘Europe’s little ice age’. In 1776, the then King of Sweden - Adolf Frederik commissioned Carl Johan Cronstedt to invent and design a stove with a more viable way of utilizing the national wood resources while still keeping citizens warm.
Carl began by noticing that much heat was lost through the typical house fire. All homes need a chimney when a fire is being utilised in a home to keep warm. However the chimney led to most of the heat being released into the outside air of the home. A standard fireplace loses 90% of heat from the fire, right up the chimney. This inspired Carl to create a flue that snakes through a masonry stove, up and down pipes, into chambers and eventually up and out. It was important to keep the hot gas within the stove longer and the pollution that would normally be spewed into the atmosphere to get burned. This caused an intense heat which slowly warms the bricks within the stove, gets retained in these bricks and then radiates into the room for long periods of time.