By Anastacia Sampson
The following are some notable Swedish theatres.
•The Swedish Theatre in Stockholm. It was the foremost theatre in Sweden from 1875 to 1925 when it was destroyed in a fire. Edvard Stjernström was an actor who is remembered as having started this theatre in central Stockholm. After his death, his wife who was a playwright, Louise Granberg, took over the management. The first theatre to ever have a rotating stage was the Swedish Theatre.
The have been some well acclaimed plays performed in that theatre, such as productions by Anton Chekhov and William Shakespeare. Stanislavski's Moscow Art Theatre and Reinhardt's Deutsches Theater are some of the world’s most reputable theatre companies that have performed at that theatre.
There is also a Swedish Theatre in Helsinki, Finland where it is recognised as a Swedish speaking theatre.
•After the destruction of the Swedish Theatre, the Royal Dramatic Theatre (which was started in 1788 by a group of actors after much change of management, with the King’s protection) has become the main theatre in the country. It has eight running stages that together are the site of about a thousand annual shows. Dramatens elevskola is the theatre’s acting school that became Swedish National Academy of Mime and Acting in 1967, and a recognised separate institution. In 1667 the first Swedish theatre was started, and catered for more of a royal and higher society audience. In 1737, Den Svenska Sprätthöken was the first Swedish play to be performed by the first Swedish theatre company. From 1788, the theatre was divided into the Royal Swedish Opera (formerly the Royal Theatre) for opera performances and the Royal Dramatic Theatre (also known as Arsenal Theatre for some time) for spoken drama performances.
In 1825, when the theatre was based in an old palace building there happened to be a fire at the time of a performance and the building was ruined. The theatre had to be part of the building that did opera performances. The Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm has a long history and is considered with great esteem for its contribution to cultural entertainment. Since 1908 the theatre moved and it has been based at the Art Nouveau building at Nybroplan.
•Gothenburg City Theatre began at Götaplatsen Square, in the city of Gothenburg in 1934. It was well-known for its anti-Nazi productions during World War II. It has a larger stage that can cater for 600 people and a smaller stage.
•Riksteatern is the biggest touring theatre company in the country. From 1933 the company has been offering audience’s shows.
•Angereds Teater is a non-government funded theatre. It hosts plays focusing for adult and children. It is not only the site of plays but also a variety of other events. It is located in Angered (a suburb of Gothenburg).
•Folkteatern is based in the city of Gothenburg and has two stages (one with 400 seats and another with 60 seats). Although funded by government it is owned by 300 organisations and is the site of satirical, political, contemporary and classic plays.
•Helsingborg City Theatre is a highly regarded city theatre in Helsingborg (near Denmark in the Skåne County). It is located at a site known for theatre since 1821. The current theatre was built in 1921.
•Backa Theatre is based in Gothenburg and is well-known for its plays for audiences that are children. The government has labelled it the national youth theatre.